|Leslie Canyon National Wildlife Refuge|
The Leslie Canyon Refuge is marked by rough mountainous terrain, dominated by Chihuahuan Desert shrubs and desert grasses. Running through the middle of the refuge is Leslie Creek, with valuable riparian habitat and a rare velvet ash-cottonwood-black willow gallery forest. The refuge was establis...
Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area
|Description: The Whitewater Draw WLA, formerly a cattle ranch, was purchased in 1997 and is now managed to enhance wetland habitats and provide waterfowl habitat, management for plains leopard frogs, and wildlife viewing. Since 1997, the Arizona Game and Fish Department has made substantial improvements to make this a premier southeastern Arizona wildlife viewing site. Available water is managed to provide marshland, mudflats, and open water areas. Viewing opportunities are enhanced by viewing decks, an interpretive trail, viewing scopes, and an educational kiosk. Several ponds surrounded by native vegetation provide habitat that has become rare in southeast Arizona. Native grasslands, with intermittently flooded wetlands surrounded by agricultural fields, provide shelter and feeding opportunities for cranes and a wide variety of other birds, amphibians, and reptiles.|
Wildlife to Watch: The number of wintering sandhill cranes has increased dramatically since the 1950s, and over 30,000 sandhill cranes may be present in winter, making this the premier crane viewing site in Arizona. The number of waterbirds wintering here has also increased in recent years, and thousands of ducks and other waterbirds are usually present all winter. This is a great place to see avocets, stilts, and yellowlegs. Wetland birds include a wide variety of ducks, geese, herons, egrets, and migrating shorebirds, gulls, and terns. The small stand of riparian woodland attracts many migratory birds including warblers, vireos, flycatchers, orioles, tanagers, grosbeaks, buntings, and sparrows. You may see mourning dove, white-winged dove, Gambel's quail, and scaled quail. Several species of sparrows can be found, including lark, vesper, white-crowned, Lincoln’s, and Cassin’s. Members of the flycatcher family including vermilion flycatcher, Say’s phoebe, and black phoebe are common here. Common yellowthroat and marsh wren are easy to find in wetland areas. During winter months look for mountain plovers and longspurs adjacent to the site in cut alfalfa or barren fields along Davis Road. This site and the surrounding area is the best place to see wintering birds of prey, including golden eagles, prairie and peregrine falcons, northern harrier, Cooper’s hawk, American kestrel, ferruginous hawk, red-tailed hawk, merlin, and rough-legged hawks.
Mammals include the javelina, mule deer, black-tailed jackrabbit, and desert cottontail. Whitewater Draw also features the healthiest and most stable of the plains leopard frog populations in the state. This frog is one of the most narrowly distributed of all Arizona leopard frogs. A variety of other amphibians live around and breed in the draw including green toad, Great Plains toad, Mexican spadefoot, and Sonoran Desert toad. Some of the more common reptiles of the area include western hog-nosed snake, gophersnake, nightsnake, desert kingsnake, common side-blotched lizard, Texas horned lizard, and southwestern fence lizard. One of Arizona’s more unique invertebrates, the whip-scorpion or vinegaroon, can be commonly viewed in this area, particularly after sunset on paved roadways.
Special Tips: During wet weather, dirt roads can become slick with mud; use extreme caution.
Other Activities: Short trails are adjacent to parking areas.
Ownership: Arizona Game & Fish Department
Size: 1500 acres
Closest Town: McNeal
Best Seasons for Wildlife Viewing: